IOM - The International Organization for Migration
Established in 1951, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners.
Since September 2016, it has become Related Agency to the United Nations .
With 166 member states, IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It does so by providing services and advice to governments and migrants.
IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people.
The IOM Headquarters are in Geneva and Rome is the home of the Coordination Office for the Mediterranean.
IOM Mission in Italy
The relations between Italian Government and IOM are ruled by the Accord de Siège signed in Rome on 23 June 1967, approved and ratified by law n. 441 – 22.02.1968.
IOM’s Mission in Italy serves as the coordinating office for the Mediterranean countries, both in operational terms and in terms of developing strategies for the management of migration flows.
Activities cover different areas of intervention, such as technical cooperation, counter-trafficking and assistance to victims, migration and development, labour and circular migration, assisted voluntary returns including reintegration in the countries of origin, facilitating family reunification through DNA testing, public information activities to promote a better understanding of the migration phenomenon, research initiatives, medical work including the prevention of the spread of disease and facilitation of information and access to public health care by immigrants in Italy.
IOM Rome promotes dialogue through workshops and international seminars on migration-related topics; develops information and training programmes for officials and practitioners; performs pilot projects for selective migration (identification and skills’ assessment of potential migrants in areas of major migration pressure); and elaborates orientation and integration modules for migrant workers.
IOM is also present in Lampedusa (along with UNHCR, Save the Children and the Italian Red Cross) and at landing sites in Sicily and at the reception centers in Trapani, Caltanissetta, Siracusa, where it provides information to migrants on their rights and on any risks connected with illegal stay in Italy (e.g., moonlighting, trafficking and sexual exploitation). IOM also works in reception centers in Puglia.