The ADITUS Project: Support in the management of the mixed migration flows
In the latest years, Italy has experienced thousands of migrants’ arrivals, who reach the Southern coasts on unsafe boats and rubber dinghies, risking their lives to flee war, persecution and poverty.
Since 2006, IOM has been actively engaged at landing points with the Praesidium project, co-financed by the European Commission and the Italian Ministry of the Interior and carried out alongside UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees), the Italian Red Cross and, since 2008, Save the Children. In 2015 the Praesidium project was replaced by two projects “Assistance” and “Monitoring” funded by the Italian Ministry of the Interior through the AMIF Fund.
In this framework, IOM has deployed two anti-trafficking teams (both consisting of a legal operator and a Nigerian cultural mediator). The specialized teams provided migrants with specific legal counselling on the protection mechanisms for victims of trafficking, as outlined in the Italian legislation. Where possible, IOM assisted victims of trafficking also in reporting their traffickers to law enforcement authorities.
On 1 January 2017, IOM started implementing the ADITUS project, always funded by the Italian Ministry of the Interior, through the AMIF Fund.
In order to continue its support to the Italian Authorities in the management of the mixed migration flows arriving by sea and identify and protect vulnerable migrants, such as unaccompanied minors and victims of trafficking, the project is focused on 4 main areas of intervention:
1. Legal counselling activity at landing points to all migrants, promote the early identification and protection of victims of trafficking and unaccompanied minors;
2. Carry out trainings sessions (on family reunification, protection of minors potentially victims of trafficking and/or labor exploitation, psychosocial support mechanisms) to the staff working in the first reception centres for unaccompanied minors funded by the AMIF;
3. Continuous training on counter trafficking and counter-exploitation schemes and publishing updated reports on trafficking indicators. Training sessions will be offered for the officers of the Prefectures, Police Offices, Social Services, Local Health Authorities, first and second reception centres on trafficking in human beings for sexual and labor exploitation;
4. Monitor reception standards and ensure respect of fundamental rights of migrants.
The activities at landing points and in migrants’ centres in Sicily (including Lampedusa), Calabria and Apulia, are carried out by specific on-field IOM teams, composed by legal experts and cultural mediators.
Reports within the project framework: