Motuse project: Improved reintegration in Morocco, Tunisia and Senegal

To read this page in French, please click here


For information on the achievements of the project, please see the presentation realized in November 2016 here.

Implemented between January 2015 and December 2016, the Motuse project aimed at improving the sustainability of migrants’ return and reintegration in Morocco, Tunisia and Senegal. Through the application of innovative actions and best practices in the field of reintegration assistance identified by IOM and the main reintegration stakeholders, the project attempted to respond to and surpass the challenges and obstacles that make it difficult to achieve sustainable reintegration through traditional assisted voluntary return and reintegration (AVRR) programs.

Co-funded by the European Union and the Italian Ministry of the Interior, Motuse was established as a complement to the AVR activities implemented by IOM in the EU. It was intended to strengthen the reintegration framework in the three countries of origin through a dual approach:

  • increased support for reintegration plans of returning migrants;
  • strengthening local capacity for supporting and taking responsibility over returning migrants in the three countries.

Support to returnees was ensured through the implementation of reintegration assistance tailored to the needs of individuals and the realities of the countries of origin. It consisted of individual or collective grants intended to support the socio-economic situation of beneficiaries in the medium and long term while paying particular attention to vulnerable groups as well as to the impact of the reintegration projects implemented, mainly in terms of employment creation or of the expected impact on the local communities.

More than 400 returning migrants were assisted setting up and reinforcing their businesses in their area of origin and several cooperatives of returning migrants were established. Many invested in agriculture, trade and handicraft. Hundreds of returnees also benefitted from training or coaching to enable them maximizing the outcomes of the reintegration assistance received. Through business management training, coaching on job hunting techniques or personal development workshops, the beneficiaries were given relevant skills and improved their self-esteem contributing to their well-being and to the sustainability of their return.

Some migrants who decided to return to their countries and benefitted from reintegration assistance agreed to share their story and explain their reintegration process. You can find links to these “stories of returning migrants” in the boxes below. One of these stories has also been presented in a video.

As meeting the challenges of sustainable return and reintegration goes beyond individual reintegration assistance, the direct assistance was complemented by a strengthening at different levels of the stakeholders potentially involved in assisting migrants and vulnerable groups at national and local levels in the countries of origin. In Morocco, Tunisia and Senegal, institutions and organizations were thus sensitized, trained and/ or equipped in view of engaging them and providing them with the adequate competences and knowledge to support returning migrants. Collaboration with national institutions, local authorities, technical agencies and civil society organizations was fostered and synergies with other programs were strengthened. Emphasis was put on the sustainability of the capacity-building activities carried out - they were articulated so that the progress achieved remain valid after completion of the project - as well as on the comprehensiveness of such activities, designed to make them relevant not only for migrants supported through this project, but also for future returnees, assisted as well as spontaneous and readmitted and, where possible, for other groups of vulnerable people residing in these countries.

Nationals from Morocco, Tunisia or Senegal living in a EU country and planning to return voluntarily to their country of origin, can contact IOM in their current country of residence and ask for information on their eligibility to AVR programs. The relevant contact details can be found via the dropdown menu at this link: The local IOM offices in Morocco, Tunisia and Senegal can also be contacted directly. Their local personnel, who live in the country and speak the local language, can provide orientation.

    Country sheet
    Stories of returning migrants
    Contact person: Mr Oussama El Baroudi
    E-mail:; Tel: +212 537 63 06 83


     Country sheet
     Stories of returning migrants
     Contact person: Ms Salla Mbaye
     E-mail:; Tel: +221 33 869 62 00


     Country sheet
     Stories of returning migrants
     Contact person: Ms Nadia Cheikh
     E-mail:; Tel: +216 71 96 03 13  / +216 71 860 312



For general information on the project, you can contact Mr Cédric Dekeyser at




This document has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union and of the Italian Ministry of Interior. The views expressed herein can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Union or of the Italian Ministry of Interior.