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DTM Flow Monitoring Survey in Italy and the Human Trafficking and Other Exploitative Practices Prevalence Module

The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is a system to track and monitor the displacement and population mobility. It is designed to regularly and systematically capture, process and disseminate information to provide a better understanding of the movements and evolving needs of displaced populations, whether on site or en route.

More than 11,000 interviews (6,400 in 2016, 4,700 in 2017) have been conducted by IOM data collectors in around 60 entry and transit points in 6 Italian regions. In the South of Italy (Sicily, Apulia, Calabria), migrants are interviewed in entry and transit points close to ports where disembarkations procedures take place following SAR (Search and Rescue) operations in the Central Mediterranean (Catania, Pozzallo, Ragusa, Trapani, Crotone Bari, Brindisi, Taranto). In Lombardy and Liguria, data collection was conducted in centres for transiting migrants in areas close to the borders with Switzerland (Como) and France (Ventimiglia), and in Milan. In Friuli Venezia Giulia, a 2-months data collection was carried out in reception centres for asylum seekers which prevalently host migrants arrived in Italy by land, from Slovenia and Austria.

Interviews are anonymous and participation is voluntary. the target population is that of migrants of 14 years of age or older, whose origin is a non-European country, and who arrived in Italy since no more than one year at the time of the interview. The sample is therefore not random but its composition in terms on nationality, sex and age of the respondents is quite similar to that of the total population of migrants arriving by sea in Italy.

The Basic Module of the survey - used by DTM in many countries – is designed to capture data which includes: the socioeconomic background of respondents; the routes that they have taken; their region of origin in their last country of habitual residence; their reasons for leaving their last country of habitual residence; what their intended country of destination is; and, who they are travelling with.

The FMS conducted in Italy, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Serbia also includes an Additional Module to capture information on the prevalence of exploitative practices and trafficking directly experienced or observed during the journey.

Data on personal experiences described by migrants do not aim to determine cases of human trafficking as defined by international and Italian laws, but to give a synthetic and systematic picture of the overall prevalence of exploitative practices, violence and abuses and on the circumstances and locations in which these events happen more frequently.

The latest DTM reports on Italy and the Central Mediterranean route:
 Report – Migrant Vulnerability to Migrant Vulnerability to Human Trafficking and Exploitation: Evidence from the Central and Eastern 
Mediterranean Migration Routes, December 2017. Read the full Report, the Executive summary and a Brief with visuals.Analysis – Profile of migrants and refugees from Pakistan on the Central and Eastern Mediterranean route, November 2017.Analysis - Central and Eastern Mediterranean routes compared, The human trafficking and other exploitative practices survey, 
November 2017.

Annual DTM Survey 2017, November 2017.
Analysis - Adult and children on the Mediterranean routes compared, The human trafficking and other exploitative practices survey, 
September 2017.

Analysis - Analysis on migrants and refugees from Nigerian on the Central Mediterranean route, The human trafficking and other 
exploitative practices survey, September 2017.Analysis - The top 5 nationalities on the Central and the Eastern Mediterranean route compared, interviews collected between 
February and July, July 2017.Analysis - Central and Eastern Mediterranean routes compared, interviews collected between February and April 2017, June 2017.
FMS in Italy, interviews collected between June and November 2016, March 2017.

More information, reports and studies by DTM in the Mediterranean region can be found on the portal: http://migration.iom.int/europe/ (Documents’ section)

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 This project is funded with the support from the UK Department of International Development (DFID)