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Migration and Private Sector

In the recognition of migration as potential driver and result of development dynamic, the IOM Italy Migration and Development (M&D) Unit carries out project initiatives in collaboration with the private sector.



Migrant entrepreneurs are of importance since they are potential subjects of transnational development, able to move resources, to have wider access to new information, to connect opportunities and create  innovation.

Thanks to the support of the Directorate General for Development Cooperation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the International Development Italian Agency, IOM Italy supports African entrepreneurs, or entrepreneurs to-be, currently residing in Italy, that are willing to start or consolidate a business activity in Africa.

IOM Italy also enhances the diaspora and private sector role in the international cooperation in the framework of the SDGs defined by the Agenda 2030.

Through the Migraventure Programme, promoted by IOM Italy in partnership with Etimos Foundation, the Organization deliver a multiphase training courses, aiming at refining the business ideas of the selected entrepreneurs and enriching their knowledge of business management.

The best business ideas have access to the coaching phase and to a network of potential investors.

In its two editions, Migraventure has trained more than 65 entrepreneurs, providing the personalized coaching to 46 of them.



Migration facilitates the circulation of knowledge and competences among enterprises and triggers innovation and internationalization processes: the Y-Med Project, that aims at facilitating job placement of youngsters coming from regions with high emigration rates, supports internship within enterprises.

The pilot phase of this project involved 11 Moroccan interns who engaged in a 6-month internship within Italian enterprises based in Morocco and had the opportunity to get to know the Italian Enterprise culture and to discover new technologies and working method while also allowed the Italian enterprises to communicate with the Moroccan culture and to train new human resources.

The second phase of the Y-MED project (2019-2021) aims at facilitating the training and job-placement of young people from the Mediterranean trough a traineeship and circular migration program.

The project foresees:

  • The identification of companies in Italy (based in Veneto and Emilia-Romagna) which are willing to welcome boys and girls coming from Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt for a traineeship program;
  • A pre-departure training for the selected trainees in their country of origin;
  • An intensive Italian language course;
  • A traineeship program of maximum six-months in Italian companies for 36 young people;
  • The continuous monitoring of skills development during the traineeship period;
  • The facilitation of job placement for the trainees upon return in their countries of origin.

All the activities will be implemented by IOM Italy in coordination with IOM Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt and their respective technical and institutional stakeholders.


Download the publication: Merging competencies, valuing diversity: the multicultural enterprise as an emerging model

This research, carried out by the University of Parma for IOM Italy, sheds light on the category of multicultural enterprises, which, despite being a spreading phenomenon, still seem to be a neglected topic in the Italian landscape. Such companies feature a culturally mixed management or staff and are the result of a social and economic merging process between cultures. Although not all multicultural enterprises are multicultural for a strategic purpose, those who tap the benefits of cultural diversity show interesting economic and behavioral performances that make them stand out from native or migrant monocultural enterprises. The research offers an analysis of the main characteristics of this specific category of enterprises, focusing on the factors that brought to this entrepreneurial setup and on the challenges encountered by entrepreneurs and managers, eventually analyzing how their multicultural background is an added value for their success.