The North of Africa region is characterised by complex displacement and migratory scenarios.
On the one hand, asylum seekers and refugees are forcefully displaced as a result of protracted and/or unresolved crises in the region or in the immediate neighbourhood. On the other hand, flows of migrants are mainly driven by social and economic factors. The region encompasses countries of origin, transit and destination, each marked by its own challenges and opportunities.
Regardless of the reason for their displacement, asylum seekers, refugees, and migrants may be exposed to a wide range of risks, abuses and exploitation, which increase their vulnerabilities.
The Regional Development and Protection Programme for North Africa (RDDP NA) aims at improving protection of refugees and migrants and providing alternatives to the risks of irregular migration by facilitating dignified living conditions and opportunities. At the same time, the programme supports the welfare of host societies by promoting their empowerment and resilience.
The RDPP NA is funded by the European Union under the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF), the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI), the North of Africa window of the EU Trust Fund for Africa, and by those States participating in an ad hoc consortium and willing to contribute. The RDPP NA country leader is Italy who has also secured co-funding for the 1st phase of the RDPP NA together with the Czech Republic and Norway.
The RDPP NA strategy includes a protection and a development component.
The objectives of the protection component are:
- Improving mechanisms in place to tackle the challenges posed by mixed migratory flows, notably through the development of progressively fully-fledged national asylum systems.
- Reinforcing national systems to effectively provide protection to refugees and migrants.
- Securing effective information and awareness raising on the risks of irregular migration and the existence of legal and safe alternatives.
The objectives of the development component are:
- Enhancing economic and equal opportunities for migrants and host communities.
- Strengthening social cohesion, through improved, more inclusive services and addressing potential tensions between migrants and host communities.
- Expanding a culture of rights, most notably through improved dialogue,advocacy and communication.
The IOM role within the RDPP NA
IOM is an implementing partner of the RDPP NA Programme together with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Government of Belgium and Save the Children.
• Within the Development Component of the RDPP NA Programme, the European Commission – DG NEAR – funded a three-year IOM regional project in Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia, directly managed by IOM Tunisia.
• Within the Protection Component of the RDPP NA Programme, the European Commission – DG HOME – funded three IOM projects under the AMIF Annual Work Programme 2015:
1. The “Sea and Desert Migration Management for Libyan authorities to rescue migrants (SEA DEMM)” project in Libya (Read infosheet).
2. The “Increase local response capacity in Mauritania to assist stranded and vulnerable migrants through health, legal and reintegration support” project in Mauritania (Read infosheet).
3. The “Supporting Tunisia’s Migration Governance to Address the Needs of Vulnerable Migrants” in Tunisia (Read infosheet).
Additional two IOM projects have been submitted for funding under the AMIF Annual Work Programme 2016:
4. The “Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR)” project In Algeria (Read infosheet).
5. The “Consolidate Protection Assistance Services to Vulnerable Migrants along Migratory Routes (CASE)” projects in Egypt (Read infosheet).
Since the signature of the Grant Agreement on 13 July 2016 between the European Commission – DG HOME and the Italian Ministry of the Interior (MOI) as the EU Member States Consortium leader, IOM Italy is part of the “Management Support Unit (MSU)” established at the Department for Civil Liberties and Immigration of the Ministry of Interior in order to ensure technical support to Italy for the overall implementation of the Protection Component of the Regional Development and Protection Programme for North Africa (RDPP NA).