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This briefing analyses the housing context for migrants in Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovenia and Spain, focusing on possible implications for their integration prospects. It also presents innovative practices contributing towards improving access to adequate and affordable housing for Third Country Nationals and issues recommendations to policy makers on holistic housing policies for migrants in the EU.







A.MI.CO Final evaluation report

This report presents the findings from the final evaluation of the “Associazioni Migranti per il Co-sviluppo” (Migrants’ Associations for Co-development, or A.MI.CO.) Programme. The A.MI.CO. Programme has been implemented since 2011 by the Coordination Office for the Mediterranean of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), thanks to the financial support of the Government of Italy. The Programme aims to support migrants’ associations in acquiring and consolidating capacities to design and implement development initiatives. The purpose of this report is to provide guidance that can be relevant for those working to increase the participation of migrant and diaspora communities in international development efforts.







This toolkit stems from the desire to systematize IOM Italy’s ten-year experience in building capacity and providing technical assistance to migrants’ associations as transnational actors in the field of international cooperation. The aim of this Toolkit is to provide useful guidelines to other IOM’s Missions, UN Agencies, associations (CSOs, NGOs) or institutions that wish to replicate and implement the A.MI.CO. programme (Migrants’ Associations for Co-Development). The guide is divided into three parts, the first two are a theoretical and practical guide for facilitators for the implementation of the A.MI.CO. Training supplemented by a set of tools and practical instructions that can be consulted in the list of Annexes. The third part is an implementation guide of the A.MI.CO. Award initiative, a monetary award for the realization of projects submitted by associations that have taken part in the A.MI.CO. Training. The Toolkit and the Annexes, therefore, reflect the programme’s structure which consists of a training component combined with funding and technical support for the implementation of project initiatives.

                                          TOOLKIT - ANNEXES



Mainstreaming gender in pre-departure orientation

These Guidelines on mainstreaming gender in pre-departure orientation training (henceforth the Guidelines) have been developed in the framework of the COMMIT project. COMMIT – Facilitating the integration of resettled refugees in Croatia, Italy, Portugal and Spain – is a two-year transnational project funded by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund of the European Union (EU). COMMIT aims to help facilitate the sustainable integration of resettled refugees in their new communities, with a specific focus on vulnerable groups such as women and young people. To reach this objective, the project seeks to enhance both pre-departure orientation (PDO) and the links between pre-departure and post-arrival support provided to refugees, and to bolster the capacities of welcoming communities in the four project countries.






Merging competencies, valuing diversity: the multicultural enterprise as an emerging model

This research, carried out by the University of Parma for IOM Italy, sheds light on the category of multicultural enterprises, which, despite being a spreading phenomenon, still seem to be a neglected topic in the Italian landscape. Such companies feature a culturally mixed management or staff and are the result of a social and economic merging process between cultures. Although not all multicultural enterprises are multicultural for a strategic purpose, those who tap the benefits of cultural diversity show interesting economic and behavioral performances that make them stand out from native or migrant monocultural enterprises.The research offers an analysis of the main characteristics of this specific category of enterprises, focusing on the factors that brought to this entrepreneurial setup and on the challenges encountered by entrepreneurs and managers, eventually analyzing how their multicultural background is an added value for their success.





Driving Migrant Inclusion through Social Innovation: Lessons for cities in a pandemic

This study examines the potential of social innovation to support migrant inclusion. It starts by exploring promising practices implemented in a number of cities across the EU to address the growing integration needs of newcomers, drawing on interviews to representatives of municipalities in Austria, Greece, Italy, Malta, Poland, Romania, and Spain. Such innovative practices include untraditional partnerships with non-state actors, original finding solutions and increased involvement of communities. It concludes with reflections on how these lessons can help cities advance inclusion and social cohesion in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic and amid the associated social, economic and political uncertainty. The study was carried out in the frame of the project ADMin4ALL, funded by the European Union and implemented by IOM. The project aims to enhance the capacity of local governments to provide more inclusive services for the successful social and economic integration of migrants.






European cities on the front line: new and emerging governance models for migrant inclusion

The rapid surge in mixed migration in 2015-2016 thrust many local authorities across Europe into emergency mode, forcing them to find ways to address the needs of vulnerable groups, including refugees with a range of physical and mental-health conditions and unaccompanied children. Often, localities faced these challenges amidst tight budgets, existing pressures on housing and labour markets, and intensified public scrutiny of and political polarization around migration and integration policies. This report – developed in partnership with the Migration Policy Institute in the frame of the project ADMin4ALL – explores how local administrations across Europe have navigated providing migrants and refugees access to public services and supporting their broader inclusion. It focuses on cities and smaller towns in Southern as well as Central and Eastern Europe that are facing particularly difficult situations, such as high levels of spontaneous arrivals, restrictive national policies, strained economies, limited integration experience, and a weak and/or thinly spread service infrastructure. It also includes recommendations on how to make the most of local governance levers to optimize integration outcomes in the face of various constraints.






Training Refugee Youth: Pre departure Orientation – Youth

The Training Refugee Youth Handbook aims at supporting the delivery of pre‑departure orientation sessions for young refugees being resettled. The Handbook addresses themes ranging from building friendships in school, bullying and classroom etiquette to freedom of religion and expression, culture and money management skills. Based on a learner centric, participatory and interactive methodology, the Handbook promotes the creation of a positive learning space where young refugees do not only feel comfortable but also are empowered to share their opinions, thoughts and feelings. The Handbook was developed in the framework of the project COMMIT – Facilitating the integration of resettled refugees in Croatia, Italy, Portugal and Spain, which aims to maximize resettled refugees’ integration outcomes and places particular focus on refugee women and youth.







ADMin4ALL Training Curriculum: building the capacities of municipalities in socioeconomic inlcusion of vulnerable migrants

Consisting of 7 main thematic areas this training manual provides structure and content for capacity building sessions for municipal staff involved in management and delivery of social services for migrants. Topics include: understanding migration, developing intercultural competences, interacting with migrants, interacting with local community, improving services management, antidiscrimination and conflict management.

The training curriculum is also availbale in:

Italian  Spanish  German  Greek  Polish  Romanian





Higher Education for Third Country National and Refugee Integration in Southern Europe

As part of the TandEM project - Toward Empowered Migrant Youth in Southern Europe - this study provides information about third country nationals' needs and the barriers they may face when accessing to – as well as succeeding in - higher education, including concrete recommendations for the different policy levels (European, national, institutional). TandEM is co-funded by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) of the European Union and implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), in partnership with the European University Association (EUA) and the Italian Islamic Religious Community (COREIS). 






Diaspora Mapping: Profile of The Gambia, Guinea and Guinea-Bissau Diasporas in Italy

This mapping of the Gambian, Guinean and Guinea-Bissau diasporas in Italy provides a demographic and socioeconomic profile of these diasporas in Italy. Through the collection and processing of primary and secondary data, the report outlines the current presence and the historical evolution of the migratory flows related to these three nationalities in Italy. It provides information on the educational background and employment status of these diaspora members as well as on remittances flows. Moreover, the report provides information on the associative networks of each diaspora in Italy. The report concludes with recommendations to foster the inclusion of diaspora members and organizations from Gambia, Guinea and Guinea Bissau in Italy.

French version available




At a crossroads. Unaccompanied and separated children in their transition to adulthood in Italy

Between 2014 and 2018, more than 70,000 unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) arrived in Italy by sea, 90% of whom were between 15 and 17 years old. The significant presence of UASC (in June 2019 equal to 7,272) and the growing number of UASC who have turned 18 (about 60,000 in the last five years) and arrived by sea, have highlighted the need to understand the factors that affect the paths of transition to adult life of UASC in Italy, facilitating or hindering it, both individually and structurally.The research - commissioned by UNICEF, UNHCR and IOM - carried out by ISMU Foundation in collaboration with University of Roma Tre and University of Catania in three regions deeply affected by this phenomenon (Sicily, Lombardy and Latium).





Bolster Inclusion to Foster Development

Acknowledging migration as a social construct, this publication explores the link between Migration and Development as a field of policy and practice in the international arena. It provides a historical overview of how the understanding of this link has changed throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. The Migration and Development nexus entails that migration affects the outcomes of sectoral policies, as much as sectoral policies affect migration dynamics. In this framework, integration is a key aspect of the Migration and Development nexus. In particular, this publication illustrates how the Italian approach to Migration and Development has recognized integration as a fundamental part in the equation, showing the benefits of adopting systemic, programmatic and policy approaches that take migration, development and integration simultaneously into consideration. 







Migrant children in Italy

The 4th IOM Italy Briefing presents and analyses data on migrant children in Italy, in particular on unaccompanied or separated children (UASC).  In addition to underlining the importance of respecting the best interest of the child, the Briefing describes IOM's activities in assisting UASC arriving by sea, family reunification and family tracing.











Migration and transnationalism in Italy

The Briefing collects and analyzes data on migration to and from Italy, taking into account the transnational dimension of the phenomenon. It focuses in particular on Italian emigration abroad, migrant entrepreneurship in Italy, remittances to and from Italy and the link between migration, integration and development.









Human Trafficking along the Central Mediterranean Route

The report provides information collected during the activities of identification and assistance to the victims of human trafficking in Italy. The report intends to contribute to the formulation of policies and initiatives to assist the victims and to counter such phenomenon in order to be coherent with the correlated needs. The report focuses on arrivals by sea of victims of trafficking (in particular from Nigeria), whose data were collected by IOM staff in the field and direct talks with the victims. The report describes: the phenomenon of human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation in the Italian context; IOM's activities related to countering of this phenomenon; the difficulties concerning the protection of victims of trafficking in Italy and the main vulnerabilities identified through case-by-case assistance. These topics are proposed together with the stories of victims identified by IOM during activities carried out in 2016.







Fatal Journeys, Volume 3 "Improving Data on Missing Migrants"

Part 1 - Part 2

This report is the Third volume of the "IOM Fatal Journeys Series" and focuses on ways to improve data on missing migrants to prevent further deaths and to enable families to stay informed about their relatives' fate. Very few bodies of migrants dying during the journey are identified and many families spend years in a sort of limbo, without knowing if their relative is alive or dead. The Third volume of Fatal Journeys entitled "Improving Data on Missing Migrants" is published in two parts: the first part presents the challenges in collecting data on missing migrants; the second part provides in-depth regional analyzes on the data currently available.








Engaging, enabling and empowering the Somali diaspora in Italy: the MIDA youth experience

This publication summarizes the approaches and principles guiding the MIDA Youth experience, as well as the lessons learned from the long collaboration between IOM and the transnational communities in Italy and, in particular, the Somali diasporas. The document is aimed at helping diasporas, policymakers, civil society, international organizations and other stakeholders to understand the path that IOM and its diaspora partners have undertaken together to empower transnational organized communities, and potentially replicate and contextualize this model in other transnational realities.









Migrant vulnerability to human trafficking and exploitation: evidence from the Central and Eastern Mediterranean migration routes

The study analyzes quantitative data on vulnerability factors and on individual experiences of abuse, violence, exploitation and trafficking in human beings collected in the last two years by over 16,500 migrants in 7 countries (Italy, Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, Fruit salad). The analysis provides practical recommendations for improving IOM's action along the main migration routes to Europe.











Harrowing Journeys: Children and youth on the move across the Mediterranean Sea, at risk of trafficking and exploitation

For minors, the journey along the Mediterranean route to reach Europe is particularly difficult, with a high probability of being abused, or ending victims of trafficking or exploitation. The report analyzes data collected by about twenty-two thousand migrants and refugees interviewed by IOM and UNICEF.