Between 2014 and 2018, more than 70,000 unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) arrived in Italy by sea, 90% of whom were between 15 and 17 years old. The significant presence of UASC (in June 2019 equal to 7,272) and the growing number of UASC who have turned 18 (about 60,000 in the last five years) and arrived by sea, have highlighted the need to understand the factors that affect the paths of transition to adult life of UASC in Italy, facilitating or hindering it, both individually and structurally.The research - commissioned by UNICEF, UNHCR and IOM - carried out by ISMU Foundation in collaboration with University of Roma Tre and University of Catania in three regions deeply affected by this phenomenon (Sicily, Lombardy and Latium).
Acknowledging migration as a social construct, this publication explores the link between Migration and Development as a field of policy and practice in the international arena. It provides a historical overview of how the understanding of this link has changed throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. The Migration and Development nexus entails that migration affects the outcomes of sectoral policies, as much as sectoral policies affect migration dynamics. In this framework, integration is a key aspect of the Migration and Development nexus. In particular, this publication illustrates how the Italian approach to Migration and Development has recognized integration as a fundamental part in the equation, showing the benefits of adopting systemic, programmatic and policy approaches that take migration, development and integration simultaneously into consideration.
The 4th IOM Italy Briefing presents and analyses data on migrant children in Italy, in particular on unaccompanied or separated children (UASC). In addition to underlining the importance of respecting the best interest of the child, the Briefing describes IOM's activities in assisting UASC arriving by sea, family reunification and family tracing.
The Briefing collects and analyzes data on migration to and from Italy, taking into account the transnational dimension of the phenomenon. It focuses in particular on Italian emigration abroad, migrant entrepreneurship in Italy, remittances to and from Italy and the link between migration, integration and development.
The report provides information collected during the activities of identification and assistance to the victims of human trafficking in Italy. The report intends to contribute to the formulation of policies and initiatives to assist the victims and to counter such phenomenon in order to be coherent with the correlated needs. The report focuses on arrivals by sea of victims of trafficking (in particular from Nigeria), whose data were collected by IOM staff in the field and direct talks with the victims. The report describes: the phenomenon of human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation in the Italian context; IOM's activities related to countering of this phenomenon; the difficulties concerning the protection of victims of trafficking in Italy and the main vulnerabilities identified through case-by-case assistance. These topics are proposed together with the stories of victims identified by IOM during activities carried out in 2016.
Fatal Journeys, Volume 3 "Improving Data on Missing Migrants"
This report is the Third volume of the "IOM Fatal Journeys Series" and focuses on ways to improve data on missing migrants to prevent further deaths and to enable families to stay informed about their relatives' fate. Very few bodies of migrants dying during the journey are identified and many families spend years in a sort of limbo, without knowing if their relative is alive or dead. The Third volume of Fatal Journeys entitled "Improving Data on Missing Migrants" is published in two parts: the first part presents the challenges in collecting data on missing migrants; the second part provides in-depth regional analyzes on the data currently available.
This publication summarizes the approaches and principles guiding the MIDA Youth experience, as well as the lessons learned from the long collaboration between IOM and the transnational communities in Italy and, in particular, the Somali diasporas. The document is aimed at helping diasporas, policymakers, civil society, international organizations and other stakeholders to understand the path that IOM and its diaspora partners have undertaken together to empower transnational organized communities, and potentially replicate and contextualize this model in other transnational realities.
The study analyzes quantitative data on vulnerability factors and on individual experiences of abuse, violence, exploitation and trafficking in human beings collected in the last two years by over 16,500 migrants in 7 countries (Italy, Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, Fruit salad). The analysis provides practical recommendations for improving IOM's action along the main migration routes to Europe.
For minors, the journey along the Mediterranean route to reach Europe is particularly difficult, with a high probability of being abused, or ending victims of trafficking or exploitation. The report analyzes data collected by about twenty-two thousand migrants and refugees interviewed by IOM and UNICEF.