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Joint IOM - UNHCR Press Release - USD 1.35 billion Needed to Help Venezuelan Refugees and Migrants and Host Countries

IOM - News - 7 ore 34 min fa

Geneva, 13 November –The International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) will today launch a USD 1.35 billion regional plan to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs of Venezuelan refugees and migrants in Latin America and the Caribbean, and the communities hosting them. 

As of early November 2019, there were approximately 4.6 million refugees and migrants from Venezuela around the world. Nearly 80 per cent are in Latin American and Caribbean countries - with no prospect for return in the short to medium term. If current trends continue, 6.5 million Venezuelans could be outside the country by the end of 2020. 

The 2020 Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMRP) being launched in the Colombian capital, Bogotá, is a coordination and a fundraising tool established and implemented by 137 organizations. These are working across the region, aiming to reach almost four million people - including Venezuelan refugees and migrants and host communities - in 17 countries. 

The 2020 RMRP is the result of a wide-ranging field-driven consultation process involving host governments, civil society and faith-based organizations, local communities and donors, as well as refugees and migrants themselves. 

The plan includes actions in nine key sectors: health; education; food security; integration; protection; nutrition; shelter; relief items and humanitarian transport; and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). In addition to the emergency response, the 2020 RMRP puts a strong focus on ensuring the social and economic inclusion of refugees and migrants. 

“Only through a coordinated and harmonized approach will it be possible to effectively address the large-scale needs, which continue to increase and evolve as the current crisis deepens,” said Eduardo Stein, Joint UNHCR-IOM Special Representative for Venezuelan refugees and migrants.  

“To this end, the RMRP appeal for 2020 is one of the key instruments to mobilize resources for more collective and concerted action.” 

“Despite many efforts and other initiatives, the dimension of the problem is greater than the current response capacity, so it is necessary that the international community doubles these efforts and contributions to help the countries and international organizations responding to the crisis,” Stein said. “More support to governments is needed, with a focus on development concerns in addition to immediate humanitarian needs.”  

The RMRP 2020 is the product of the Regional Interagency Coordination Platform, the coordination mechanism for the response to the Venezuelan refugee and migrant crisis, is co-led by UNHCR and IOM and involving a wide range of UN, NGO and civil society organizations.  

The RMRP 2020 plan will be available at 16:00 Bogotá time (22:00 CET) at the R4V.info portal

 

For more information contact: 

In Geneva: 

Paul Dillon, IOM (pdillon@iom.int) +41 79 636 9874 

Liz Throssell, UNHCR (throssel@unhcr.org) +41 79 3377591  

 

In Buenos Aires: 

Juliana Quintero, IOM (juquintero@iom.int +54 1132488134) 

 

In Panama:  

William Spindler, UNHCR (spindler@unhcr.org) +507 63827815 

Olga Sarrado, UNHCR (sarrado@unhcr.org) +507 6640 0185 

 

For background information please consult the Regional Inter-Agency Coordination Platform website

Language English Posted: Wednesday, November 13, 2019 - 09:05Image: Region-Country: GlobalThemes: Humanitarian EmergenciesDefault: Multimedia: 

Many Venezuelans traveling through the continent do so by foot. Caminantes, or walkers, trek along major highways and through difficult terrain. Many make this journey with just a light jacket, rubber flip flops and a small backpack with the most essential items they manage to carry. Photo: Muse Mohammed/IOM 

Approximately 4.6 million people have left Venezuela in recent years, leading to the largest displacement in Latin America and the Caribbean’s modern history. Growing numbers of people continue to leave Venezuela. Photo: Juliana Quintero/IOM 

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

Joint Statement ILO, OECD, IOM and UNICEF - Child Labour and Human Trafficking Remain Important Concerns in Global Supply Chains

IOM - News - Mar, 11/12/2019 - 14:46

New information on child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in global supply chains is revealed in a report compiled by the ILO, OECD, IOM and UNICEF – members of the Alliance 8.7 partnership on child labour, forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking. 

Geneva - A new report indicates that a significant share of child labour and human trafficking in global supply chains occurs at their lower tiers, in activities such as raw material extraction and agriculture, making due diligence, visibility and traceability challenging.  

The report, Ending child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in global supply chains, provides the first ever estimates of child labour and human trafficking in global supply chains.  

The estimated share of total child labour linked to production in global supply chains varies across regions: 

  • 26 per cent in Eastern and South-Eastern Asia. 
  • 22 per cent in Latin America and the Caribbean.  
  • 12 per cent in Central and Southern Asia. 
  • 12 per cent in Sub-Saharan Africa. 
  • 9 per cent in Northern Africa and Western Asia. 

“The goods and services we buy are composed of inputs from many countries around the world and are processed, assembled, packaged, transported and consumed across borders and markets,” said ILO Director-General Guy Ryder. “This report shows the urgent need for effective action to tackle the violations of core labour rights that are occurring in supply chains.”  

The report outlines several key areas in which governments and businesses can do more.  

It underscores the critical role of States in addressing gaps in statutory legislation, enforcement, and access to justice (which creates space for non-compliance) and in establishing a framework for responsible business conduct. It also examines how Governments can lead by example by integrating due diligence considerations into their own activities as procurers of goods and services, owners of enterprises and providers of credit and loans.  

Speaking at the Paris Peace Forum, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria said “These findings, based on an OECD methodology that’s been applied in various economic and environmental contexts, underscore the need for governments to scale up and strengthen efforts to ensure that businesses respect human rights in their operations and across supply chains. Creating an enabling environment for RBC due diligence must be a key action for governments.” 

The report also outlines a broader preventive approach focused on root causes, including child and family deprivation, particularly in the upstream and outsourced segments of global supply chains operating in the informal economy, where risk is greatest. 

“These results make clear that efforts against human trafficking in global supply chains will be inadequate if they do not extend beyond immediate suppliers to include actors upstream engaged in activities such as raw material extraction and agriculture, and serving as inputs to other industries,” said IOM Director General Antonio Vitorino. 

For business, the report underscores the need for a comprehensive, whole-of-supply-chain approach to due diligence, involving the assessment, prevention and mitigation of negative human rights impacts, as well as legitimate channels for remediation in cases in which business has caused or contributed to adverse impacts.  

The estimates were generated by combining data on the estimated total number of children in child labour with data on trade flows and value chains within countries and across borders. The same exercise was carried out for human trafficking. 

“Child labour is a serious violation of child rights that has lifelong negative consequences for children’s physical, mental and social development. This report shows that multiple pressures, including poverty, violence and discrimination, increase a child’s vulnerability to child labour. With our partners we are therefore calling for holistic approach that tackles the root causes of child labour, provides access to quality education and strengthens child protection systems.” said UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore. 

The report was compiled in response to a call by the Group of Twenty (G20) Labour and Employment Ministers to assess violations of core labour rights in global supply chains. It offers a unique interagency perspective on the causes of these human rights violations and on the priorities for governments, businesses and social partners in addressing them. The report was produced by the International Labour Organization (ILO), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), International Organization for Migration (IOM), and the United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF. 

The Alliance 8.7 report will be released globally as part of efforts to accelerate action towards the achievement of Target 8.7 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which calls on governments around the world to end child labour by 2025 and to put in place effective measures to end forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking by 2030. 

The corresponding methodology paper will be released shortly. 

The report is available at www.alliance87.org.  

For more information, please contact: 

International Labour Organization:
Please contact the ILO Department of Communication and Public Information at +4122/799-7912, newsroom@ilo.org 

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD):
Please contact Juliet Lawal, OECD Centre for Responsible Business Conduct at +33 1 45 24 97 40, Juliet.LAWAL@oecd.org 

International Organization for Migration:
Please contact Safa Msehli, Media and Communications Division at +41794035526, smsehli@iom.int  

United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF:
Please contact Sohini Roychowdhury at +41 22 909 5439, +41 79 533 5264, sroychowdhury@unicef.org 

 

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Report in English:  Ending child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in global supply chains

Rapport en français : Mettre fin au travail des enfants, au travail forcé et à la traite des êtres humains dans les chaînes d'approvisionnement mondiales

Informe en español: Erradicar el trabajo infantil, el trabajo forzoso y la trata de personas en las cadenas mundiales de suministro

 

 

 

 

Language English Posted: Tuesday, November 12, 2019 - 14:11Image: Region-Country: GlobalThemes: Migration and YouthDefault: Multimedia: 

A new report indicates that a significant share of child labour and human trafficking in global supply chains occurs at their lower tiers, in activities such as raw material extraction and agriculture, making due diligence, visibility and traceability challenging

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

Venezuelan, Dominican Musicians Strike Right Note for Inclusion, Integration

IOM - News - Mar, 11/12/2019 - 09:40

Santo Domingo – A charity musical gala held last week (06/11) by the Venezuelan-Dominican Chamber of Commerce and supported by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), was the perfect occasion to present the Dominican-Venezuelan Symphonic Orchestra and delight the public with a varied programme of classical music and folklore from both countries. 

“There are more than 90 orchestras made up of Venezuelan refugees and migrants around the world. The Dominican Republic had the musicians and talent to create ours,” explained Javier Abi Harb, director of the orchestra, minutes before it started its first performance. 

The orchestra has 50 musicians, 33 Venezuelan nationals and 17 Dominicans, mostly with extensive experience, but also with the participation of young beginners from different music schools in Santo Domingo. 

“The philosophy and methodology of the National System of Youth and Children's Orchestras and Choirs of Venezuela, where many of the musicians that make up this orchestra come from, is inclusion, integration. This orchestra is a sample of that. We have musicians of the most varied ages, origins, and experiences,” said Abi Harb, who was also responsible for the programme that thrilled the audience. 

From Puccini's Oh Mio Babbino Caro, performed by the soprano Paola Prado, to Juan Luis Guerra's La Bilirubina, the orchestra played during the musical gala, held for the benefit of the association dedicated to supporting children in vulnerable situations. 

“It is essential to support the activities of economic and social integration of Venezuelan migrants into Dominican society. No better way to do it than through culture and music,” said Josué Gastelbondo, acting IOM Head of Mission in the Dominican Republic. “This orchestra is an opportunity and an example of intercultural integration. We are pleased to contribute.” 

According to the Coordination Platform for Refugees and Migrants from Venezuela, R4V, there are currently 30 thousand Venezuelan nationals residing in the Dominican Republic. Most of them have irregular immigration status, a situation that limits their access to opportunities for economic and labour integration. 

Through local organizations and NGOs, IOM has been supporting Venezuelans in vulnerable situations in the Dominican Republic since 2018, as part of the Response Plan for Refugees and Migrants from Venezuela. These initiatives are possible thanks to the financial support of the US State Department's Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM). 

For more information, please contact Zinnia Martínez at IOM Dominican Republic, Tel: +1 809 688 8174, Email: zmartinez@iom.int  ​

Language English Posted: Tuesday, November 12, 2019 - 17:17Image: Region-Country: Dominican RepublicThemes: IOMDefault: Multimedia: 

A symphonic orchestra with musicians from Venezuela and the Dominican Republic made its debut on 6 November in Santo Domingo. Photo: IOM 

The Dominican-Venezuelan Symphonic Orchestra has 50 musicians – 33 Venezuelan nationals and 17 Dominicans. Photo: IOM 

Through local organizations and NGOs, IOM has been supporting Venezuelans in vulnerable situations in the Dominican Republic since 2018. Photo: IOM 

“This orchestra is an opportunity and an example of intercultural integration.” – Josué Gastelbondo, acting IOM Head of Mission in the Dominican Republic. Photo: IOM 

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

IOM Ethiopia Rolls Out Community-Based Planning for Displacement Affected Communities in Somali Region

IOM - News - Mar, 11/12/2019 - 09:39

Jigjiga – Ethiopia recorded 3.04 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) by March 2019 due to ethnic conflict and environmental shocks over the past year, according to International Organization for Migration (IOM)’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). 

Since April 2019, the Government of Ethiopia has rolled out a phased plan to return, relocate and integrate those displaced, resulting in tens of thousands of IDPs returning to their places of origin.   

Humanitarian partners, including IOM, are now scaling up use of the community-based planning (CBP) approach to support the government’s return initiative, and to strengthen sustainable return, recovery, and social integration.  

This approach encourages communities to form community-based structures that assist in identifying and prioritising their emergency and recovery needs.   

It also helps displacement affected and host communities, returnees, and other migrant groups to build social cohesion and peaceful coexistence.  

IOM mission in Ethiopia, in close cooperation with the Ministry of Peace, therefore, last week (4-7 November) organized and facilitated a five-day CBP Training of Trainers workshop in Jigjiga, in the Somali Region.  

The meeting was attended by 50 participants, who comprised government officials, support organizations, and community leaders at regional, zonal and Woreda (district) levels.   

The community leaders came from six identified Woredas in Jigjiga with a high number of communities affected by displacement. These are Adadle, Hudet, Moyale, Tuli Guled, Babile, and Erer.   

The training equipped participants with skills to introduce the CBP planning process in their respective Woredas, which will result in the community generating development priorities that they own.   

The workshop also established core facilitation teams (CFT), made up of people with demonstrable technical capacity to roll out the CBP process in the Woredas.   

The CBP approach empowers communities, including vulnerable socio-economic groups such as IDPs, to demand and actively participate in development interventions that are relevant to them.  

This inclusive approach is expected to empower communities to come up with a shared vision for sustainable development. The vision, in turn, generates goals, strategies and projects with clearly defined action plans for implementation.   

More importantly, CBP gives communities the capacity to use community-based monitoring and reflection methods, and accountability mechanisms.   

In his opening remarks, Muktar Husien, DRR and Recovery Director with the Disaster Risk Management Bureau (DRMB), stressed that the Woredas participating will benefit from the CBP process and this would set a good example, to be scaled up throughout the region and country.   

“The Somali Regional Government takes ownership and will fully institutionalize the community-based approach as a tool for the achievement of durable solutions for internally displaced populations in the region,” he added. 

The five-day workshop is part of the Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced People in Ethiopia project, funded by the Swiss Development Co-operation.   

For more information, contact David Coomber, at IOM Ethiopia, Email: dcoomber@iom.int or Eric Mazango, Email: emazango@iom.int ​

Language English Posted: Tuesday, November 12, 2019 - 16:25Image: Region-Country: EthiopiaThemes: Disaster Risk ReductionDefault: Multimedia: 

Participants in group work discussing community trends and hazard mapping. Photo: IOM 

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

Over 20,600 People Displaced by Floods in Bangui, Central African Republic, Hosted by Families

IOM - News - Mar, 11/12/2019 - 09:38

Bangui – Heavy rains falling in Bangui, Central African Republic, since 21 October, continue to cause significant material damage and make more vulnerable a population already affected by repeated cycles of violence since 2013. Such heavy rains are unusual in November. 

In Bangui, the country’s capital, the International Organization for Migration (IOM)’sDisplacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) estimates that 20,691 people, displaced by the severe weather, are now living in host families, adding pressure on a population already suffering from violence and poverty.  IOM, together with the Central African Red Cross, is currently evaluating the needs of those displaced  by the floods.

So far IOM has provided about 1,000 emergency shelters for internally displaced persons at affected sites during the emergency response phase. Nonetheless, addressing basic needs (health, water, hygiene, emergency shelter and household items) remains a priority. 

Last week, DTM carried multisector evaluations in the four affected districts of the capital,  with the majority of them being partially flooded for three weeks now.  The amount of people affected by the floods is expected to rise as the Central Africa Red Cross is currently registering people living in displacement sites.

“The situation is very difficult here. The neighbours have sheltered us, but we lack everything, and we can’t sleep as there are too many mosquitoes due to the stagnant water,” said Beatrice, mother of five whose house has been flooded for three weeks. Beatrice and her family found refuge in the neighbouring Maya-Maya district, which is also partially affected by the floods.  

“We have no income and arable fields are completely flooded. We are afraid for the coming weeks,” she added. 

The Central African Red Cross oversees site management planning. UN agencies such as UNHCR, WFP, WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF have already mobilised to aid affected communities while international NGOs offer support for water, hygiene, sanitation and health needs. 

However, the needs remain very critical: several other areas of the country have suffered damage, the scale of which is gradually being determined. 

The DTM makes it possible to observe the movements of displaced persons, identify their main needs and make referrals for humanitarian assistance. IOM in the Central African Republic plans to launch multisectoral needs assessments and household evaluations on sites.  

For more information, please contact Katia Di Peri at IOM Central African Republic, Email: kdiperi@iom.int  or Florence Kim at IOM Regional office in Dakar: Tel: +221 78 620 6213; Email: fkim@iom.int

Language English Posted: Wednesday, November 13, 2019 - 09:00Image: Region-Country: Central African RepublicThemes: Internally Displaced PersonsDefault: Multimedia: 

An estimated 20,000 people are displaced in Bangui, following heavy rain falls. Photo: IOM/Léo Torreton. 

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

Water Systems Completed in Uganda Refugee Settlements with EU, CERF Support

IOM - News - Mar, 11/12/2019 - 09:38

Kampala — Refugees in Kyaka and Kyangwali settlements in Uganda and their nearby host communities are benefitting from two piped water systems that the International Organization for Migration (IOM) recently completed, thanks to a EUR 2 million (UGX 8.3 billion) humanitarian aid package from the European Union. 

This substantial EU funding was complemented by project funds from the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).  

The two water systems were part of a one-year project aimed at strengthening the water and sanitation infrastructure for refugees and host communities in Uganda. Following the sudden increase in refugees fleeing into Uganda, there has been a growing strain on water and sanitation resources in Kyaka and Kyangwali refugee settlements. That has led to disease outbreaks, with IOM and its partners racing to meet the needs of the daily arrivals. 

In Kyangwali, IOM used the funds to construct a 25-kilometre pipe network, a 100,000-litre reservoir tank and 30 triple-faucet tap-stands. In Kyaka, the new water system, able to pump 42,000 litres per hour, is expected to serve more than 21,000 people – both refugees and Ugandan host population.  

The outgoing IOM Uganda Chief of Mission, Ali Abdi, hailed the contribution of the donors. “These water systems have again illustrated the decisive support of the European Union and CERF towards safeguarding and improving lives in refugee settlements in Uganda,” Abdi explained. “In both Kyaka and Kyangwali, the water systems remained on paper until the arrival of this funding from the European Union.” 

Speaking about the two systems, the European Union’s Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides said: “Thanks to EU support, safe water will be brought to communities at Kyaka and Kyangwali. It will reduce over-reliance on the distribution of water by trucks, which is not a sustainable method. The challenge now is for communities and the aid organizations involved to work together for strong governance structures to ensure that these systems are maintained in an excellent state.” 

By ensuring that communities have better access to safe drinking water, preventing deadly water-borne diseases, this European Union and CERF funding has  not only constituted a life-saving intervention, but it will also help reduce the risk of gender-based violence against women and girls, who otherwise had to collect water at distant and congested water points. 

At the event to launch the water system in Kyangwali settlement, IOM’s Abdi was joined  by the UNHCR team leader, Paul Nsiela, and the Settlement Commandant (under the Office of the Prime Minister), Jolly Kebirungi. Also present were representatives of the International Aid Services (IAS). Commandant Kebirungi said that access to safe water has long been a huge challenge for the settlement, and the new water system would go a long way towards alleviating the situation.  

These new water systems are linked up to and complement already existing structures installed by other aid organizations in order to avoid duplication and make the best use of available resources.  

 

About EU Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid 

The European Union and its Member States is the world's leading donor of humanitarian aid. Relief assistance is an expression of European solidarity with people in need all around the world. It aims to save lives, prevent and alleviate human suffering, and safeguard the integrity and human dignity of populations affected by natural disasters and man-made crises.    

Through the European Commission’s Civil Protection and Humanitarian aid Operations department, the European Union helps millions of victims of conflict and disasters every year. With headquarters in Brussels and a global network of field offices, the EU assists the most vulnerable people on the basis of humanitarian needs.  

About CERF 

CERF is one of the fastest and most effective ways to ensure that urgently needed humanitarian assistance reaches people caught up in crises. Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2005 as the United Nations global emergency response fund, CERF enables humanitarian responders to deliver life-saving assistance whenever and wherever crises strike. 

As an essential enabler of global humanitarian action, CERF’s Rapid Response window allows country teams to kick-start relief efforts immediately in a coordinated and prioritized response when a new crisis emerges. CERF’s window for Underfunded Emergencies helps scale-up and sustain protracted relief operations to avoid critical gaps when no other funding is available. 

 

For more information and Media enquiries, please contact Richard M Kavuma at IOM Uganda, Tel: +256 312 263 210, Email: ugandapiu@iom.int    

Language English Posted: Tuesday, November 12, 2019 - 16:30Image: Region-Country: UgandaThemes: ShelterDefault: Multimedia: 

A woman collects water from a new tap stand in Kyaka settlement. Photo: IOM 

IOM Uganda Chief of Mission Ali Abdi (left) is joined by Local Government and UNHCR officials to launch the Kyaka water system. Photo: IOM 

IOM staff talk to community members near an overhead reservoir outside Mukondo health centre in Kyaka settlement. Photo: IOM 

IOM Uganda WASH project manager Getachew Mekuria (left) explains the Kyangwali water system just outside the pump house. Photo: IOM  

Kyangwali Settlement Commandant Jolly Kebirungi (second from left) speaks to officials from UNHCR, IOM and IAS. Photo: IOM 

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

Joint Statement IOM, UNHCR and UNICEF - 60,000 young refugees and migrants who arrived in Italy alone need ongoing support through transition to adulthood – UN Agencies

IOM - News - Ven, 11/08/2019 - 11:38

Key challenges include discrimination, difficulty finding work, administrative bottlenecks and lack of legal information  

Rome – The estimated 60,000 young refugees and migrants who arrived in Italy as unaccompanied children between 2014 and 2018, and who have since turned 18, require ongoing support to ensure their successful transition into adulthood, said UNICEF, UNHCR and IOM in a new report published today.  

The report, At the crossroad: Unaccompanied and separated children in the transition to adulthood in Italy, highlights the ‘triple transition’ young refugees and migrants face when they turn 18 years old – from adolescence to adulthood, from living in one country to another, and through the emotional pain and trauma experienced when leaving home and during dangerous journeys.  

“The difference between a 17-year-old refugee or migrant who fled conflict or violence and an 18-year-old who has lived through the same traumatic experience is negligible,” said Anna Riatti, UNICEF Country Coordinator for the Migration Programme in Italy. “The potential loss of continuous support for tens of thousands of young people - due to an artificial, age-based distinction, - will put them at further risk of social isolation, violence, abuse and an uncertain future.”  

“Recognizing the complex nature of the children-adult distinction and acknowledging that persons coming of age have specific needs lies at the heart of this research,” said Roland Schilling, UNHCR Representative for Southern Europe.  “Having a clearer understanding of the factors that favour or hinder a positive transition from being a refugee child to becoming an independent, self-reliant and resilient adult will help states step up their efforts to protect not only refugee children, but also their successful transition to adulthood.”  

“The added value of this research is twofold: it highlights vulnerabilities and risks of unaccompanied and separated children during their transition to adulthood, and at the same time emphasizes their strengths, ability to take action and resilience, as well as their potential. Additionally, this research draws attention to the best practices to disseminate,” said Laurence Hart, Director of the IOM Coordination Office for the Mediterranean. 

The new report outlines factors that hinder young refugees and migrants’ transition into adulthood. These include slow and complex procedures to obtain legal documents; discrimination and racism; difficulty in accessing education and training and finding work; overcoming emotional trauma as well as the risk of violence, particularly for girls.  

Factors supporting young refugees and migrants during this critical time in life include positive relationships with peers and guardians; access to school, vocational training and employment opportunities, as well as safe and adequate housing.    

In the report, the three UN Agencies provide key recommendations to Italian authorities and the European Commission:  

Recommendations to Italian Authorities 

  • Adopt an inter-sectorial national strategy to increase social inclusion for young refugees and migrants who have recently turned 18, as well a National Action Plan against racism, xenophobia and discrimination.   
  • Ensure the full implementation of Law no. 47/2017 on protection measures for UASC.  
  • Ensure young people have access to psycho-social support, health care, education, gender-based violence prevention and response, training and employment services.  
  • Provide information to young people on the dangers of getting involved in informal and illegal activities such as trafficking and sexual exploitation. 
  • Accelerate procedures to recognise foreign qualifications. 
  • Increase participation of young refugees and migrants in social and recreational activities. 

Recommendations to the European Commission 

  • Facilitate effective cooperation between Member States in assessing the best interests of every child, and in implementing family reunification procedures 
  • Establish a system to collect accurate data and information on current and former unaccompanied and separated refugee and migrant children to strengthen protection systems. 
  • Earmark resources under the upcoming EC Asylum and Migration Fund to strengthen and scale up the good practices identified in this report. 

Between 2014 and 2018, more than 70,000 unaccompanied and separated refugee and migrant children arrived in Italy by sea, 90 per cent of whom were between ages 15 and 17. It is estimated that at least 60,000 have turned 18 in the past five years.  

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Note to Editor 

At the crossroad. Unaccompanied and separated children in the transition to adulthood in Italy was commissioned by UNICEF, UNHCR and IOM. The research was carried out by the ISMU Foundation in collaboration with University of Roma Tre and University of Catania. The research focuses three regions of Italy that have received, or continue to receive, large numbers of young unaccompanied and separated refugees and migrants - Sicily, Lombardy and Latium. 
 
About ISMU Foundation - Initiatives and Studies on Multi-ethnicity 

ISMU Foundation is an independent research centre founded in 1993 promoting research and training activities on migration, integration and the ever-growing ethnic and cultural diversity of contemporary societies. www.ismu.org  @fondazioneismu @Fondazione_Ismu 

About IOM 
Established in 1951, IOM is the leading UN-related agency in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners. IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people. 

Follow IOM on Twitter and Facebook. For more information about IOM, visit www.iom.int  

About UNHCR 
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, leads international action to protect people forced to flee their homes because of conflict and persecution. We deliver life-saving assistance such as shelter, food and water, help safeguard fundamental human rights, and develop solutions that ensure people have a safe place to call home where they can build a better future. We also work to ensure that stateless people are granted a nationality. 

For more information about UNHCR, visit https://www.unhcr.org/about-us.html 
 
About UNICEF 
UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. Across more than 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, to build a better world for everyone. 

Follow UNICEF Europe and Central Asia on Twitter and Facebook. 

For additional information, please contact: 

UNICEF Europe and Central Asia: Melanie Sharpe msharpe@unicef.org +41798347401 

IOM in Geneva: Safa Msehli smsehli@iom.int +41794035526 

UNHCR: Elizabeth Throssel, throssel@unhcr.org + 41793377591 

Read the Report in English here
Read the Report in Italian here

 

Language English Posted: Friday, November 8, 2019 - 11:32Image: Region-Country: GlobalThemes: Migration and YouthDefault: Multimedia: 

“The difference between a 17-year-old refugee or migrant who fled conflict or violence and an 18-year-old who has lived through the same traumatic experience is negligible,” said Anna Riatti, UNICEF Country Coordinator for the Migration Programme in Italy.

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

IOM Responding to South Sudan Floods Affecting 900,000 People

IOM - News - Ven, 11/08/2019 - 09:13

Juba – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has scaled up efforts to meet the needs of internally displaced people, refugees and host communities in response to devastating floods that have affected over 900,000 people in South Sudan.

“It was distressing to witness the level of destruction and suffering that the floods have caused,” IOM Chief of Mission in South Sudan, Jean-Philippe Chauzy said following a recent visit to flooded areas in Jonglei region.

“I spoke to one elderly displaced resident who had sought refuge in an overcrowded church standing on a small patch of dry ground in the middle of an insalubrious quagmire. She told me she cannot remember floods of this magnitude.”

More than three months of unprecedented rainfall has submerged entire communities resulting in the temporary mass displacement of people and the disruption of basic services. Thousands of homes and shelters have been destroyed, crops that sustain local livelihoods wiped out, and there are fears the contaminated water will spark an outbreak of disease.

Prior to the flooding, nearly two-thirds of the affected areas reported critical levels of malnutrition primarily affecting children and pregnant women.

On 26 October, the Government of South Sudan declared a state of emergency in 32 counties in Jonglei, Upper Nile, Warrap, Eastern Equatoria and Northern Bahr el Ghazal regions, a development that was commended by humanitarian partners in the country. 

Through an integrated and coordinated response to the ongoing crisis, IOM in support of the government, has:

  • Participated in the initial assessment missions in most affected locations and distributed aquatabs to 3,680 households.
  • Released Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), shelter and non-food items (S/NFIs) such as aquatabs, blankets, mosquito nets, tarpaulin sheets, rubber ropes, collapsible jerry cans, and water filter cloths to be distributed to an initial 1,500 households targeted in the heavily affected town of Pibor in Jonglei. In addition, IOM continues the prepositioning of supplies from the capital Juba and Rumbek to Bor in Jonglei to support the emergency flood response with the overall target of assisting 70,000 flood-affected households.
  • Supported six implementing partners to provide flood-related lifesaving relief to affected communities through the Rapid Response Fund (RRF).
  • Produced a set of maps providing geo-referenced analysis of more than 250 locations affected by the flooding.

IOM has also provided plastic sheeting, mosquito nets, blankets and sleeping mats to 16,711 flood affected population in the Abyei Administration Areas.

Despite concerted efforts by IOM and other humanitarian partners, assistance has not reached some communities due to impassable roads and flooded airstrips leading to increased unmet needs for vulnerable communities.

“Access constraints to some of the affected areas are putting pressure on the flood response,” said Chauzy.

“And while IOM continues to borrow against relief items meant for the dry season to respond to this emergency, there is need to replenish supplies that will be needed this coming year, especially given the anticipated long-term humanitarian needs as a result of the flooding.”

IOM’s emergency response to flood-affected populations in South Sudan and the Abyei Administration Area is supported by DFID, ECHO, OFDA and USAID.

 

The heavy rains have hit areas that were already facing high humanitarian needs. Across the 32 flooded counties, more than three million people were in need of assistance even before the rains. Sixty-three per cent of the flood-affected counties are classified as facing extreme levels of Acute Malnutrition Phase 4 (critical), mostly impacting children and new mothers. 

Critical needs include access to safe drinking water, anti-malarials and other basic drugs, and plastic sheets to be used as temporary shelters. The degradation or loss of crops and other sources of livelihoods, and an estimated 17,000 hectares of productive land affected by the flooding will cause longer-term humanitarian needs and reduce food security into 2020.

An additional USD 61.5 million, not budgeted within the current Humanitarian Response Plan for South Sudan, is needed to support those most in need of assistance, ensure protection of the most vulnerable and avert loss of life.

 

For more information contact, Liatile Putsoa at IOM South Sudan, Tel: +211912380104, Email: lputsoa@iom.int or Paul Dillon at IOM HQ Geneva, Tel: +41796369874, Email: pdillon@iom.int

Language English Posted: Friday, November 8, 2019 - 16:25Image: Region-Country: South SudanThemes: Refugee and Asylum IssuesDefault: Multimedia: 

Flood waters have ruined rural, agrarian-base economies across the region, threatening livelihoods and raising the spectre of further serious food shortages in areas where acute malnutrition affects almost two-thirds of the population. 

Flood waters have ruined rural, agrarian-base economies across the region, threatening livelihoods and raising the spectre of further serious food shortages in areas where acute malnutrition affects almost two-thirds of the population.  

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

IOM Welcomes First US Bound Refugees Resettled in FY 2020

IOM - News - Ven, 11/08/2019 - 09:12

Washington DC – More than 600 refugees landed in the United States this week, marking the first arrivals of US fiscal year 2020. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) welcomed the refugees who come from a variety of countries.

“Resettlement can be one of the only solutions for the most vulnerable populations in search of protection,” said Michel Tonneau, IOM Global Programme Coordinator for the United States Refugee Admissions Program. “We are pleased to continue collaboration with partners to ensure that refugees are treated with dignity and can be safely resettled to the US.”

IOM works closely with the US Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration to provide case processing support, pre-departure health assessments and cultural orientation, as well as transportation support for refugees.

A group of 25 Congolese refugees were the first to arrive on Tuesday morning at Washington Dulles International Airport before continuing to their final destinations. Due to ongoing violence, the families fled to neighbouring Rwanda where they remained in limbo for years.

Almost half of the refugees resettled in the US in fiscal year 2019 were from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Several others arriving this week are also Congolese.

Their resettlement journeys resemble the story told in  One Way Ticket, a feature film co-produced by IOM that follows two Congolese refugees travelling to their new homes in the US. As part of the Global Migration Film Festival, IOM will host screenings of this film in numerous countries from 28 November to 18 December.

“Films have the power to show audiences the different needs and perspectives of migrants and refugees,” said Amanda Nero, the festival’s director. “I hope this film sparks discussions around the long-lasting effects of forced migration and the challenges of resettlement.”

For more information, please contact Liz Lizama at IOM Washington, Tel: +1 202 716 8820, Email: elizama@iom.int

Language English Posted: Friday, November 8, 2019 - 16:20Image: Region-Country: United States of AmericaThemes: ResettlementDefault: Multimedia: 

IOM staff welcomed the first refugees resettled in the US for fiscal year 2020 on Tuesday (05/11) at Washington Dulles International Airport. (Credit: IOM/Omar Rachibi) 

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

Over 40,000 Migrants Assisted with Voluntary Return and Reintegration from Niger Since 2015

IOM - News - Ven, 11/08/2019 - 09:12

Niamey – This month, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) reached a milestone of 40,000 stranded migrants participating in IOM’s Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programme from Niger to their countries of origin.

IOM’s AVRR programme in Niger began five years ago to respond to the need for stranded migrants to return to their homelands in West Africa.

Since Niger’s May 2015 adoption of law N° 2015-36 criminalizing irregular migration, there has been a growing wave of requests for assistance to return by approximately 1,700 migrants assisted in 2015, 5,000 in 2016, 7,000 in 2017, and 16,000 in 2018. Close to 12,000 migrants participated in the AVRR programme between January and the end of September this year.

Most migrants registered in IOM’s six transit centres since 2015 are from West and Central Africa, mainly from Mali (24%), Guinea (23%), Senegal (9%) and Nigeria (5%). Forty-three percent of the migrants assisted were young males between 18-24 years of age.

Nevertheless, as one of the largest transit countries feeding the Central Mediterranean Route, this migration path has often led to mistreatment, exploitation or abuse during their journeys. Once stranded in Niger, migrants are often unable to pursue their journey northwards or to return to their country of origin on their own.
 
At IOM’s open and voluntary transit centres, stranded migrants receive direct assistance, including accommodation, water, food, access to medical care and aid in receiving travel documents. Psychosocial support, recreational activities and vocational trainings are also available.
 
This year, close to 65 per cent of the migrants assisted at IOM’s centres arrived without any identification or travel documents. The Government of Niger issues travel documents to migrants from countries who have no consular representation in Niger. Approximately 93 per cent of the migrants assisted at IOM’s transit centres in Niger reported that they did not plan to migrate again in the future.
 
In 2019 only, over 37,000 medical consultations were performed at IOM’s transit centres in Niger, with an average of 17 urgent medical cases per week.
 
These operations are organized in the frame of the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration and the Migrant Resource and Response Mechanism (MRRM), supported by the European Union.

“This programme offers migrants in distress a dignified return and some basic assistance to get back on their feet in their country of origin,” declared Barbara Rijks, IOM’s Chief of Mission in Niger. “We are thankful for the Government of Niger, consulates, embassies and governments in countries of origin, and IOM missions who all work together to support migrants on this journey.”

IOM also continues to sensitize migrants and community members on the risks of irregular migration and its alternatives. Close to 500,000 migrants and community members have been reached since 2015.

As Niger is a country of origin, transit and destination for migrants, IOM provides AVRR support for migrants stranded in Niger who wish to return to their country of origin, as well as for Nigerien migrants who wish to return to their community of origin in Niger.

MRRM is a comprehensive programme that aims to provide direct assistance to migrants in transit and carries out activities to promote viable alternatives to migration, to inform individuals about safe migration and to encourage activities that ensure that migrants can contribute to the economy in their country of origin.

For more information, please contact Monica Chiriac at IOM Niger, Tel: +227 8931 8764, Email: mchiriac@iom.intor Florence Kim at the IOM Regional Office for West and Central Africa at Tel: +221 78 620 62 13, Email: fkim@iom.int

Language English Posted: Friday, November 8, 2019 - 16:15Image: Region-Country: NigerThemes: Assisted Voluntary Return and ReintegrationDefault: Multimedia: 

Over 40,000 migrants have been assisted with voluntary return and reintegration from Niger since 2015. Photo: IOM/Monica Chiriac

Writing on a wall of IOM’s transit centre in Agadez where 42,000 migrants have been assisted with voluntary return and reintegration from Niger since 2015. Photo: IOM/Florence Kim 

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

UNAOC, IOM Awards Ceremony to Celebrate Youth Filmmakers from Around the World

IOM - News - Ven, 11/08/2019 - 09:12

New York – The United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) announced Friday (8 November) the annual Awards Ceremony of the Plural Plus Youth Video Festival (PLURAL+) will take place on Wednesday 13 November at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.

The goal of PLURAL+ is to ensure youth engagement in pressing social issues, both at local and global levels, by making their videos available through a variety of media platforms and distribution networks.

Since 2009, UNAOC and IOM annually have invited youth filmmakers from around the world to submit short videos exploring the topics of migration, diversity, social inclusion, and the prevention of xenophobia.

“There are 38 million migrants under the age of 20. For 11 years, PLURAL+ has given youth a global stage to lead dialogues around social inclusion, diversity and migration,” said IOM Director General António Vitorino. “The initiative is committed to empowering the voices of our future in combatting the harmful, anti-foreigner narratives found in some of today’s media.”

In 2019, PLURAL+ received a record number of entries – over 1,200 videos from nearly 70 countries. Twenty-five finalists, representing 18 countries, have been selected for PLURAL+ awards this year, including three International Jury Award winners and one winner for the Prevention of Xenophobia Award. Other finalists are receiving awards from the many partner organizations of PLURAL+.

“The success of PLURAL+ is a clear sign that young people around the world are hungry for opportunities to have their voices heard,” said the High Representative for UNAOC, Miguel Ángel Moratinos. “Today, more than ever, PLURAL+ is a critical platform for youth that allows them to express their views on the challenges facing our world.”

The PLURAL+ winners will be announced during the Awards Ceremony on 13 November, and they will have the opportunity to present their work and receive their awards from the members of the PLURAL+ International Jury.

High Representative Moratinos and DG Vitorino will attend the ceremony which will begin at 10 am, continuing until 1 pm in the ECOSOC Chamber.

To participate in the PLURAL+ Awards Ceremony, people are invited to RSVP at this address https://pluralplus.unaoc.org/rsvp/and to visit https://pluralplus.unaoc.org/ for more information.

For more information, please contact in New York, Rahma Gamil Soliman at the IOM Office to the United Nations, Tel:  +1 917 515 7454, Email: rsoliman@iom.int and Thibault Chareton at the UNAOC Office, Tel: +1 646 306 8780, Email: thibaultc@unops.org

Language English Posted: Friday, November 8, 2019 - 16:10Image: Region-Country: United States of AmericaThemes: IOMDefault: Multimedia: 

The winners of PLURAL+2018 award for age group 13-17 with the International Jury Member Marcia Mayer at the PLURAL+ 2018 awards ceremony and 10th year anniversary. United Nations Headquarters in New York. Photo: IOM/Avery White 2018 

The winners of PLURAL+2018 award for age group 13-17 with the International Jury Member Marcia Mayer at the PLURAL+ 2018 awards ceremony and 10th year anniversary. United Nations Headquarters in New York. Photo: IOM/Avery White 2018 

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

Mediterranean Migrant Arrivals Reach 89,997 in 2019; Deaths Reach 1,090

IOM - News - Ven, 11/08/2019 - 09:12

Geneva – IOM reports that 89,997 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea through 6 November, roughly an 11 per cent decrease from the 101,185 arriving during the same period last year.

Arrivals this year to Greece and Spain are at 48,804 and 22,339, respectively, (71,143 combined) accounting for about 79 per cent of the regional total, with the balance arriving in much smaller numbers to Italy, Malta and Cyprus. Arrivals to Greece are running approximately 75 per cent ahead of 2018’s totals from this time. Arrivals to Spain are more than 50 per cent lower.

Deaths recorded on the three main Mediterranean Sea routes through 5 November stand at 1,090 individuals – or about 52 per cent of the 2,098 deaths confirmed during the same period in 2018 (see chart below).

These 1,090 deaths at sea include several documented only in recent days.

In the Central Mediterranean, some 88 survivors rescued by the NGO Sea-Eye’s ship Alan Kurdi on 26 October disembarked in Taranto, Italy on 3 November, after a week at sea. Survivors reported to IOM staff present at disembarkation that when the ship was threatened by an unknown Libyan vessel, which fired warning shots while the rescue operation took place, several people on board got scared and jumped into the water. A boy from Ghana is reported missing.

Also, in the Central Mediterranean, the remains of two people, believed to be from North Africa, were recovered on 31 October from a boat found adrift off the coast of Tertenia, Sardinia, Italy. The remains were transferred to the morgue of Lanusei hospital.

IOM Italy
IOM Rome’s Flavio Di Giacomo cited official Ministry of Interior figures of 9,944 migrants have arrived in Italy by sea this year through 30 October, compared to 22,232 at this same time in 2018. IOM Libya has reported that through 31 October almost 8,300 migrants have been intercepted at sea and returned to Libya in 2019.

IOM Spain
IOM Spain’s Ana Dodevska reported on Thursday sea arrivals to Spain, through 3 November have reached 22,339 compared to 49,254 at this time last year. While monthly arrivals to Spain are lower this year overall, fatalities on the Western Mediterranean route remain high – with 324 deaths reported through ten months of this year, compared to 675 at this time in 2018.

IOM Greece
IOM Greece’s Christine Nikolaidou reported on Thursday (07/11) that from Friday (01/11) up to date, the Hellenic Coast Guard (HCG) participated in at least 13 incidents requiring search and rescue operations off the islands of Chios, Lesvos, Samos, Kos, Kalymnos, Farmakonisi, Symi, Samothrace, Megisti and the port of Alexandroupoli. The HCG rescued a total of 346 migrants and transferred them to the respective ports.

Those arrivals, plus others between 30 October and 5 November, bring to 48,804 the total number of sea arrivals to Greece this year (see chart below).

Missing Migrants Project
2019 is the sixth year of IOM’s efforts to systematically record deaths on migration routes worldwide through its Missing Migrants Project. Since the beginning of 2014, the project has recorded the deaths of 33,775 people, including 2,613 in 2019 (see chart below).

Due to the challenges of collecting information about these people and the contexts of their deaths, the true number of lives lost during migration is likely much higher. Missing Migrants Project records should only be viewed as indicative of the risks associated with migration, rather than representative of the true number of deaths across time or geography.

In addition to the Mediterranean, sea crossings from the north-western coast of Africa to the Canary Islands (the so-called ‘Western Africa route’ to Europe) was the scene of at least one shipwreck in the early hours of Wednesday (6 November). A boat overturned in a rocky area near the municipality of Teguise, in the island of Lanzarote. Four of its occupants were able to reach the beach, where they received emergency medical assistance from a Red Cross team. Those survivors reported that there were 15 people on board. Salvamento Marítimo, Spain’s public rescue service launched a-rescue operation, during which the remains of four people were found that same Wednesday (6 November), while five more bodies were retrieved on Thursday, (7 November). Two people are believed to be missing.

This tragic incident took place just a few days after another shipwreck was documented on this route. On 29 October, an oil tanker rescued 29 people from a cayuco sailing 607km south of Gran Canaria, as well as the remains of four people. 

According to testimony from survivors of that craft, a fifth person went missing at sea.

In 2019, 93 people have reportedly lost their lives on this route, more than double the 43 deaths recorded in all of 2018.

Migrating by irregular means not only to, but also within, the European continent remains dangerous for people on the move. Recently (31 October) Slovenian authorities discovered remains of two men in the Kolpa/Kupa river, near the municipality of Vukovci, Slovenia. Authorities believed they drowned while trying to enter Slovenia from Croatia. A few days later, a young man was killed in a car crash in the Egnatia Odos highway in northern Greece, near Thessaloniki.

In 2019, IOM has documented 100 deaths during migration on the European continent, a slight increase over the 98 deaths documented in the same period of 2018.

Migrant Deaths in the Americas continue during what may be the deadliest year MMP has recorded in the past six years. In total, at least 629 people have lost their lives in the Americas in 2019, compared with 515 recorded through this point in 2018.

On the US-Mexico border, two migrants recently drowned while attempting to cross the Río Bravo into Texas from Tamaulipas: on 31 October, Mexican civil protection authorities found the remains of a man near Matamoros, while a few days later, on 4 November, the body of another man was found near Ciudad Miguel Alemán. In 2019, at least 107 people have drowned in the Río Bravo, including 90 men, nine women and eight children.

In the Caribbean, three people drowned while trying to cross the Massacre river from Haiti to the Dominican Republic. The remains of two Haitian men were recovered near the municipality of La Vigía, Dajabón on 31 October, while a four-year-old girl who was travelling with them is still missing.
 
Missing Migrants Project data are compiled by IOM staff based at its Global Migration Data Analysis Centre but come from a variety of sources, some of which are unofficial. To learn more about how data on migrants deaths and disappearances are collected, click here.

The report Fatal Journey Volume 4, published 28 June, includes an overview of five years of Missing Migrants Project data (2014-2018) and an update on what is known about deaths during migration in 2019.

For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, click here. Learn more about the Missing Migrants Project.
See contacts here.

Language English Posted: Friday, November 8, 2019 - 16:05Image: Region-Country: SwitzerlandThemes: IOMDefault: Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

UN Migration Agency Launches Reintegration Handbook

IOM - News - Gio, 11/07/2019 - 07:59

Geneva - In 2018, over 80,000 migrants returned back to their countries of origin with IOM’s assistance.  

Returnees often struggle to adapt as they rebuild their lives back home. Economic pressure, the stigma of failure and the “push” factors that prompted many to migrate in the first place, often create new challenges, especially for returnees who have been out of the country for years. 

Today (07/11) The International Organization for Migration (IOM), launched the Reintegration Handbook: practical guidance on the design, implementation and monitoring of reintegration assistance, a guide designed to help practitioners in reintegration assistance support migrants unable or unwilling to remain in host or transit countries and returning home through assisted voluntary return or through returns organized by host governments and other actors.  

In recent years, there has been significant progress in the provision of reintegration assistance, mainly due to an improved understanding among policymakers, donors and practitioners of how crucial reintegration support is. It is consequently now recognized as a tool that can contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. 

However, few global and comprehensive tools exist to guide practitioners in the provision of reintegration assistance. With this Reintegration Handbook, produced with financial support from the UK Department for International Development (DFID), IOM aims to bridge this gap by sharing its own experience, as well as that of its partners, in assisting returnees through their reintegration process.  

“It has become evident that reintegration is a multifaceted phenomenon that needs to be addressed in a holistic manner,” explained Renate Held, IOM Migration Management Department Director. “This can only be done through solid partnerships and coordinated practices between relevant stakeholders at the international, national and local level,” she added. 

Building on IOM’s Integrated Approach to Reintegration, the Reintegration Handbook includes modules on individual, community and structural levels, that focus on the economic, social and psychosocial dimensions of reintegration, as well as a module on monitoring and evaluation. Furthermore, a complementary chapter on the reintegration of children and their families is being developed with UNICEF and will be available in 2020. 

The Reintegration Handbook is available in full here. An online training curriculum to accompany the Handbook is being developed and will be available by the end of the year. 

For more information please contact Joy Paone, Project Manager at jpaone@iom.int  or at +41 22 717 98 27 

Language English Posted: Thursday, November 7, 2019 - 07:55Image: Region-Country: GlobalThemes: Assisted Voluntary Return and ReintegrationDefault: Multimedia: 

Emebet and her children back in Ethiopia: "When we moved to Sudan ten years ago, things were going well for us. However, with the family growing, caring for the children became difficult. My daughter was reaching school age and we could not pay for her tuition anymore. That is why we decided to begin a new life in our home country".  Photo: IOM

The International Organization for Migration (IOM), launched the Reintegration Handbook: practical guidance on the design, implementation and monitoring of reintegration assistance, a guide designed to help practitioners in reintegration assistance support migrants unable or unwilling to remain in host or transit countries and returning home through assisted voluntary return or through returns organized by host governments and other actors.  

The International Organization for Migration (IOM), launched the Reintegration Handbook: practical guidance on the design, implementation and monitoring of reintegration assistance, a guide designed to help practitioners in reintegration assistance support migrants unable or unwilling to remain in host or transit countries and returning home through assisted voluntary return or through returns organized by host governments and other actors.  

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

With Park Rehabilitation, IOM Promotes Integration of Migrant Families in Costa Rica

IOM - News - Mar, 11/05/2019 - 08:56
Language English Posted: Tuesday, November 5, 2019 - 15:42Image: Region-Country: Costa RicaThemes: Migration and DevelopmentDefault: Multimedia: 

The rehabilitation process sought to empower migrants and host communities, especially young people, to be part of the change in their cities. Photo: IOM/Allen Ulloa

Roeland De Wilde, IOM Chief of Mission for Costa Rica (3rd from left) and partners open one of the rehabilitated parks. Photo: IOM

The new parks will benefit more than 700 migrant and local families. Photo: IOM/Allen Ulloa

The rehabilitation work sought to integrate the migrant population with their local neighbours. Photo: IOM/Allen Ulloa

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

Expert Workshop Calls for Better Data to Prevent Deaths During Migration in Africa

IOM - News - Mar, 11/05/2019 - 08:56

Dakar – Africa is thought to be the source of the most migrant deaths worldwide, yet data collection on the reasons, frequency and details of migrant mortality remains elusive.  

That was just one take-away from a two-day International Organization for Migration (IOM) conference in Senegal that concludes today. The Monday session convened to an open discussion of concrete areas of collaboration between actors working on the issue of migrant deaths and disappearances in Africa. It began Monday in Dakar, with the participation of more than two dozen experts and representatives of international, regional and local organizations.  

The workshop entitled Missing Migrants in Africa: Addressing Data and Knowledge Gaps on Migrant Deaths and Disappearances, was organized by IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC) and hosted by IOM’s Regional Office for West and Central Africa. 

Despite six years of IOM work on this issue, there is not yet a comprehensive record of the number of people who have lost their lives during their migration journeys in Africa. The only figures available, collected by IOM’s Missing Migrants Project, show that nearly 7,500 people have died since 2014. This includes 2,040 people who are known to have died while migrating in the Sahara Desert.  

Thousands of Africans are known to have perished among nearly 17,000 men, women and children lost in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, the world’s most lethal known migratory route. However, the remains of about two-thirds of those victims remain missing, making it almost impossible to know who those victims were, and which African citizenship they held. 

Moreover, said GMDAC’s director Frank Laczko, these figures are likely very conservative undercounts, as the vast majority of deaths are recorded based on unverifiable eyewitness reports. Hundreds of additional deaths likely remain unreported and uncounted, an indication of the invisibility of irregular migrants and the indifference the world has for this issue. 

Incomplete data on migrant deaths and disappearances results in the underestimation of the toll of unsafe migration across the continent.  

“Better data are needed to facilitate the development of evidence-based policies and protection measures to prevent further deaths,” explained Dr. Laczko. “Associated with the need to better record numbers of dead is the requisite to improve identification of those who have died, to allow more families to know the fate of their missing relatives.”  

Addressing gaps in data on missing migrants requires concerted effort from a wider and diverse network of key stakeholders involved in collection, sharing, analyzing and presentation of data on migrant deaths and disappearances.  

“The Dakar workshop has engaged key actors from international agencies, non-governmental organizations, governments and academia to examine how to improve the collection, management and exchange of information between relevant actors and across sectors,” added Richard Danziger, IOM’s Regional Director for West and Central Africa. 

The knowledge and insights gathered through the workshop will inform IOM’s future efforts to address the many challenges involved in collecting information on missing migrants in Africa. These efforts include plans to establish data monitors in all regional offices, as well as a new pilot research project focusing on the families of missing migrants to better understand their needs. 

IOM’s Missing Migrants Project documents deaths and disappearances along migratory routes worldwide. Today, the project hosts the only existing database on deaths during migration globally. However, there is still a need to expand and improve data collection in many regions of the world, particularly in Africa, where many experts have stated that many more migrants die or go missing than are currently recorded. 

For more information please contact Julia Black at IOM's GMDAC, Tel: +49 159 03447446, Email: jblack@iom.int or Joel Millman, IOM Geneva, Tel: +4179 103 8720, Email: jmillman@iom.int 

Language English Posted: Tuesday, November 5, 2019 - 15:45Image: Region-Country: SenegalThemes: Migration ResearchMissing MigrantsDefault: Multimedia: 

"Be brave, brother" reads the writing on a wall of an abandoned house in Dirkou, Niger, on the Central Mediterranean Route. IOM/Michele Bombassei

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

Combatting Trafficking in Persons Focus of Côte d’Ivoire-Tunisia Bilateral Co-operation

IOM - News - Mar, 11/05/2019 - 08:56

Abidjan  – The number of victims of trafficking from Côte d’Ivoire in Tunisia has increased significantly since 2012, according to official figures.  

Between January 2012 and October 2019, 85 per cent of the 823 victims of trafficking identified by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in the North African country were Ivorians. Most of the 575 Ivorian victims – mainly women (including three minors) – were in situations of domestic servitude in the Tunisian cities of Sfax, Tunis, Sousse, and Gabes.   

In a bid to strengthen bilateral co-operation and partnerships between the two countries in the fight against trafficking in persons, IOM conducted a study visit from 28 October to 2 November in Côte d’Ivoire, which included an exchange workshop attended by 40 experts from the anti-trafficking authorities in both countries.   

Côte d’Ivoire is one of the main countries of origin for migrants who use the Central Mediterranean Route with 23,000 arriving in Italy by sea since 2016. Tunisia is often the first step in the irregular migration process, due to the special visa regime put in place between the two countries, which allows Ivorian nationals to stay in the country on a regular basis without a visa for up to 90 days.  

The objective of the Abidjan workshop was to foster dialogue and promote the establishment of operational mechanisms for an effective collaboration on prevention, protection, prosecution and partnerships in the field of trafficking in persons.  

The visit illustrates “IOM’s commitment to strengthening the co-operation between Côte d’Ivoire and Tunisia by setting up concrete mechanisms for operational co-operation,” said Marina Schramm, Chief of Mission of IOM Côte d’Ivoire.    

Victims identified by IOM are referred to the National Anti-Trafficking Authority (INLCTP) in Tunis for protection and direct assistance. In 2018, 213 victims were referred to the INLCTP by IOM Tunisia and 332 in 2019. 

For more information please contact Marina Schramm at IOM Côte d’Ivoire, Email: mschramm@iom.int or Florence Kim at the IOM Regional Office in Dakar, Tel: +221786206213, Email: fkim@iom.int 

Language English Posted: Tuesday, November 5, 2019 - 15:50Image: Region-Country: Côte d'IvoireThemes: Counter-TraffickingDefault: Multimedia: 

Women participating in a focus group discussion on the feminization of migration in Côte d’Ivoire. Photo: IOM

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

Cyclone Idai Affected Communities Desperate for Permanent Shelter, Livelihoods

IOM - News - Mar, 11/05/2019 - 08:56

Harare – Over eight months after Cyclone Idai devastated Sourthern Africa, the affected communities in Zimbabwe are desperate for permanent shelter and the resumption of livelihoods. 

The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) conducted by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) indicated that 270,000 individuals were affected by the cyclone and that 50,905 people in 12 districts were displaced while 223 households still reside in displacement sites. 

“We live in constant fear of another disaster. The rainy season is upon us; some of our tents are giving in to harsh weather conditions. I don’t know what will happen to me and my grandchildren,”  said Johana, a grandmother of four, who lost her two sons during the cyclone. 

She added that they were in desperate need of support as their livelihoods were swept away by the mudslides.  

“We have no source of income; our fields and livestock went with the mudslides. We used to have thriving market gardens but now we depend on well-wishers to give us food,” she said. 

Zimbabwe is facing humanitarian challenges as a result of climate and economic shocks. Following the failed 2018–2019 agricultural season due to a severe El Niño induced drought, the country is confronted with a worsening humanitarian situation with an estimated 5.5 million people in need of food assistance. 

The crisis is worsened by the shortage of foreign currency for critical imports, limited essential services such as water, power and fuel supply which has impacted commerce and industry. Inflation estimated at over 200 per cent and ever-increasing prices of most basic commodities including food, medicine and other essential products have placed many households, especially in rural areas where 60 per cent of the population resides, under increased strain. 

“The displaced citizens, especially women and children, are the most affected by the humanitarian and economic challenges facing the country,” said IOM Chief of Mission in Zimbabwe, Mario Lito Malanca said. “We are working together with the Government of Zimbabwe to coordinate temporary camps to ensure the basic needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are met.”  

He added, “We will continue to provide leadership to the Shelter and Non-Food Items Clusters and work closely with partners leading Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Health and Early Recovery Clusters.” 

As the recovery process continues, new initiatives and financial resources are required to reclaim livelihoods, rebuild infrastructure and ensure that a similar calamity does not have the same devastating consequences.  

In response to developmental assistance required by the most affected communities, IOM Zimbabwe launched the February 2019-April 2020 Appeal for USD 11.5 million – it is currently only funded at 15 per cent. 

Within the context of the Zimbabwe Humanitarian Appeal 2019, IOM’s programming will be focused on strengthening recovery, resilience, and durable solutions for populations impacted by displacement post-Cyclone Idai, especially for those displaced and continuing to be accommodated in temporary camps and by host communities.   

IOM will strengthen migration and displacement data collection and analysis for evidence-based programming and focus on multi sectoral humanitarian assistance including shelter and non-food Items, Camp Coordination and Camp Management, displacement tracking, protection, health and early recovery to a targeted 90,000 individuals. 

For more information please contact Varaidzo Mudombi at IOM Zimbabwe, Tel: +263242704285, Email: vmudombi@iom.int 

 

Language English Posted: Tuesday, November 5, 2019 - 15:55Image: Region-Country: ZimbabweThemes: Internally Displaced PersonsShelterDefault: Multimedia: 

Johana, grandmother of four, lost two of her sons to Cyclone Idai. Photo: IOM

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

IOM: USD 54 Million Needed to Assist 113,000 Vulnerable Migrants in Horn of Africa, Yemen

IOM - News - Mar, 11/05/2019 - 08:56

Nairobi – An estimated 113,000 vulnerable migrants are in transit or stranded in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Yemen in need of life-saving assistance, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) said today. 

“Migrants undertaking these journeys do so in search of a better life for themselves and their families,” said Mohammed Abdiker, IOM’s Regional Director for the East and Horn of Africa. 

“They are often young – in many cases children – unaware of the dangers on the route to Yemen, including extreme heat, conflict and violence, and human trafficking.”  

Last month IOM and its partners updated the Regional Migrant Response Plan for the Horn of Africa and Yemen (RMRP) 2018-2020, seeking to raise USD 54 million to assist those in need. 

The RMRP is a humanitarian and development strategy to assist vulnerable migrants from the Horn of Africa who are moving to, transiting through and returning from Yemen. 

Many on the perilous journey are exploited and abused as they attempt to reach Gulf countries in search of work. 

“Migrants on the route to Yemen are among some of the most vulnerable. Meeting the humanitarian needs of this population must remain a priority for the international community,” he added. 

The RMRP lays out a plan for development-oriented durable solutions that address root causes of migration in the Horn of Africa and supports governments with capacity building activities to address the humanitarian and protection needs of migrants. It also supports research on root causes and drivers of migration in the Horn of Africa and Yemen. RMRP partners have secured 32 per cent of the funding required as of October. 

IOM estimates that by the end of the year 160,000 migrants will have entered Yemen by sea from points in the Horn of Africa. 

Nearly 130,000 migrants are expected to return home to the region from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during the same period. The Organization provides post-arrival assistance to many of the returnees. 

Approximately five per cent of all migrant arrivals into Yemen tracked by IOM in the first six months of 2019 are unaccompanied or separated children. This is an increase from the two per cent observed during the same period in 2018. 

The October 2019 update to the RMRP reflects updated priorities for partners in each of the target countries. These include providing life-saving humanitarian assistance to stranded migrants in Yemen, ensuring adequate protection for unaccompanied children, and scaling-up assistance to the thousands of vulnerable migrants returning from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the Horn of Africa.  

In all, 17 partners in the four target countries – including UN agencies and NGOs – work in coordination to provide a comprehensive humanitarian and protection response to vulnerable migrants on the eastern route to Yemen. The RMRP’s target population includes children, the elderly, victims of human trafficking and gender-based violence, and other vulnerable migrants.  

RMRP partners seek to build off their achievements from 2018 in which 58,000 vulnerable migrants were provided with food, water and temporary shelter in the four target countries. An additional 15,000 vulnerable migrants were provided with transportation assistance to voluntarily return home, and 14 community development projects were completed in areas of high returns. The 2018 RMRP required USD 46 million in funding, of which 44 per cent was secured. 

Download the October 2019 Update to the Regional Migrant Response Plan for the Horn of Africa here.

Download the three-year Regional Migrant Response Plan for the Horn of Africa, 2018-2020, master document here

For more information, please contact IOM’s Regional Office in Nairobi:  

Emmanuel Martinez (Programme Inquiries) email: emartinez@iom.int  

Kenneth Odiwuor (Media inquiries) - Email: kodiwuor@iom.int 

Language English Posted: Tuesday, November 5, 2019 - 16:00Image: Region-Country: SwitzerlandThemes: Migrant AssistanceDefault: Multimedia: 

Many migrants on the perilous journey to and through Yemen experience exploitation and abuse as they attempt to reach Gulf countries in search of economic opportunities. Photo: IOM

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

IOM Calls for Immediate, Unconditional Release of Abductees in South Sudan

IOM - News - Ven, 11/01/2019 - 11:39

Juba – The International Organization for Migration continues to call for the unconditional release of a female volunteer and a four-year-old child abducted in South Sudan during gun-battle on Sunday morning that claimed the lives of three IOM humanitarian workers. 

“There are efforts are being made at this time to try to locate the whereabouts of our missing colleague and the child,” IOM South Sudan Chief of Mission Jean-Philippe Chauzy said this morning. 

“All possible action is being taken with the goal of trying to get our colleague released from her abductors immediately without any pre-conditions.” 

On Sunday a group of IOM volunteers were caught in the crossfire between two armed groups in Isebi, in Morobo County, in South Sudan’s Central Equatoria region.  

In addition to two men and one woman who were killed, two other male volunteers suffered non-life-threatening injuries. The abducted child is the son of the woman who was slain. 

IOM’s humanitarians were working in Ebola screening point in border areas between South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo, tracking the spread of the deadly disease. 

Chauzy and a small team from Juba flew to Yei the largest town in the area where the incident occurred yesterday for an emotional meeting with IOM volunteers and colleagues of the deceased, and later the deputy governor. 

"It was extremely important to meet with our volunteers, to listen to their concerns, their stories about the people who died. It was raw but I also want them to know that no effort is being spared to ensure their safely and to locate the missing," Chauzy said.  

IOM began operations in southern Sudan in early 2005 and established the IOM South Sudan mission after the country’s independence in July 2011.   

Since the outbreak of the conflict in December 2013, IOM has provided support to thousands of host communities, returnees, and internally displaced people including those seeking protection at the United Nations Mission in South Sudan Protection of Civilians sites.  

For more information, kindly contact, Liatile Putsoa at IOM South Sudan. Tel: +211912380104, Email: lputsoa@iom.int 

Paul Dillon at IOM HQ Geneva. Tel +41796369874, Email pdillon@iom.int 

Language English Posted: Friday, November 1, 2019 - 11:35Image: Region-Country: South SudanThemes: IOMDefault: Multimedia: 

IOM South Sudan staff mark a moment of silence for two humanitarian colleagues who were killed on Sunday. © IOM South Sudan 2019 

Flags remain at half-mast outside IOM South Sudan’s office in Juba. © IOM South Sudan 2019

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM

IOM Appeals for Urgent Humanitarian Assistance as Flash Floods Displace Thousands in Somalia

IOM - News - Ven, 11/01/2019 - 11:32

Mogadishu - The International Organization for Migration is appealing for urgent humanitarian support to thousands of flood-affected people in Somalia. Flash floods following heavy rains in parts of Somalia have displaced thousands of vulnerable people.  In some of the worst hit areas, farms, infrastructure and roads have been destroyed, and livelihoods disrupted. An estimated 182,000 people have so far been displaced, according to humanitarian partners.  

The Shabelle and Juba rivers in Hirshabelle Sate and South West State, respectively, have risen and inundated many surrounding towns. With another tropical storm forecast, the possibility of further damage remains a concern.  

With funding from partners such as UN CERF, ECHO and the governments of Germany, Japan and the United Kingdom, IOM has ramped up response in the affected areas. But needs far outweigh available resources.  

Using prepositioned emergency contingency stock, IOM was able to respond by delivering 3,200 emergency NFI kits to partners in Beledweyne, where the impact of the floods has been the most severe.  Further distributions will be based on the needs identified in other flood-affected regions. There is an urgent need to further replenish the contingency stock to enable partners to respond to the growing needs across Somalia.  

IOM in collaboration with the Ministry of Health is delivering emergency primary healthcare services in affected areas. IOM has also prepositioned large stocks of emergency medical supplies to enable rapid expansion of services in response to additional flood-induced displacement and disease outbreaks. This will be accompanied by hygiene and health promotion campaigns specifically targeting flood-affected communities, emphasizing prevention of waterborne diseases and malaria.  

Around 6,000 hygiene kits will also be distributed for flood-affected communities in Kismayo, Afmadow and Doolow to support their recovery. To complement this, IOM will begin the reconstruction and rehabilitation of 900 latrines in Baidoa and Doolow, as well as road repairs.  

“IOM, using its strong field presence, is providing immediate support to those affected by flood to complement government efforts,” said Dyane Epstein, IOM Chief of Mission for Somalia. “But despite our best efforts, it is not enough. This is an alarming situation, which needs urgent attention and a coordinated, quick response.”  

The floods have destroyed the shelters of vulnerable families already living in Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) sites and washed away their belongings.   

“In Baidoa, people have moved to high ground where they are in immediate need of support in terms of WASH, food, shelter, health and nutrition supplies,” said Nasir Arush, Minister for Humanitarian and Disaster Management, South West State.  

Ubah Hassan, a leader at Fanole internally displaced persons’ site, added: “The floods have soaked all our belongings—including food, beds and clothes. Many latrines have collapsed and many more are likely to collapse if the rain continues.”  

Fanole is among 14 sites in Kismayo that have been affected by the flooding.  

In Doolow, where IOM supports two large IDP sites, assessments conducted found that more than 2,000 households have been affected by the rain.  

“During the assessment we found destroyed shelters and latrines, while personal belongings of the community were completely washed away,” reported one Camp Coordination and Camp Management Officer in Doolow. “There is a fear of increased risks of diseases such as Acute Watery Diarrhoea and malaria infection due to contamination of water supplies and stagnant water.”  

Other areas in Lower Juba, Gedo and Bay regions, where IOM has supported displaced populations for years, have also been affected. In these areas, the displaced are stranded without food, latrines or shelter.  

Urgent needs such as mosquito nets, shelter and NFI kits, drainage systems, flood mitigation kits and road repairs remain across many of the flood-affected regions, and the situation is predicted to worsen in the coming weeks. The government authorities have appealed for further assistance to respond to these devastating floods. 

For more information please contact IOM Somalia: Jan van ‘t Land, Tel: +254 705 832 020, Email: iomsomaliapsu@iom.int   

Language English Posted: Friday, November 1, 2019 - 11:30Image: Region-Country: SomaliaThemes: Humanitarian EmergenciesDefault: Multimedia: 

Two women reconstructing their shelter in Baidoa after they moved from a severely flood affected area to higher grounds © IOM Somalia 2019 

A site manager showing destroyed latrines to IOM staff in Baidoa © IOM Somalia 2019 

Press Release Type: Global
Categorie: Press Room IOM